Types of UV Rays: How to Protect Your Skin

UV Rays from SunAny angler going out on a sunny day needs to understand the importance of sun protection. The sun can be very harmful, but did you know there are different types of radiation that play a role in sunburns, skin cancer, aging, cataracts, and other issues?

Take the time to learn about UV radiation and you’ll be better equipped to protect yourself from the sun.

There are actually three types of UV radiation that hit the Earth. The atmosphere does not absorb one type of UV ray at all, one is partially absorbed, and the third, which is also the most harmful, is completely blocked by our atmosphere.

UVA Radiation

The first type of UV radiation is UVA. This kind of radiation is most consistent throughout the entire year, as none of it is blocked by the Earth’s atmosphere. UVA penetrates deep into your skin, causing damage to skin cells at multiple levels. These harmful rays can contribute to sunburns, premature aging, and the development of some cancers.

UVB Radiation

This is the primary cause of sunburns, but it is also connected to premature aging of the skin and skin cancer. Unlike UVA, a portion of UVB rays are absorbed by the Earth’s atmosphere, so the level of UVB rays will change depending on a lot of factors. Angle of the sun, altitude, and time of year can all change the levels of UVB.

UVC Radiation

This is the deadliest type of radiation put out by our sun, but fortunately for us, our atmosphere blocks 100% of UVC rays. Unless you plan on doing some space travel, you won’t have to concern yourself with UVC.

Choosing the Right Sunscreen

Because of the two types of radiation that penetrate our atmosphere, you need to make sure you have the right sunscreen to protect your skin. Most dermatologists will recommend broad-spectrum sunscreen, as it will resist the effects of both UVA and UVB radiation. While we’re on the topics, anglers should always look for water-resistant sunscreen that is rated at least SPF 30.

The Right Apparel is Essential

During the summer fishing months, having the right apparel is essential if you want to protect your skin from the sun. Breathe Like a Fish has cool and comfortable long-sleeve fishing shirts and fishing masks that protect your skin from both UVA and UVB radiation.